Charles Towne Landing was the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Carolina province. This area had approximately 148 colonist, including men, women, and children that landed at Albemarle Point on the first Wednesday in April of 1670.
To Enter the Charles Towne settlement in 1670 you traveled by boat to the front door of the settlement. The area of Albemarle Point is where the ADVENTURE is moored. The landside defense that the settlement had was the Palisade Wall. This wall was a wooden fence of sharpened logs with a ditch to the front to prevent access by hostile Native Americans who were allied to the Spanish.
The taller the better, so they dug a ditch, pilling the dirt along one edge of the wall. By constructing a palisade upon that headed up foundation, they would have forced attackers to fight from a lower disadvantaged position.
The settlement relocated, the palisade wall crumbled. Debris collected in the ditch, decomposing to form a dirt darker than the surrounding soil. Almost 300 years later, archaeologists found the long line of distinctive soil and recognized it as proof of the wall location. The palisade has now been partially reconstructed beside the stained dirt.
|Newly Replicated Site|
|Concrete Coloration and Texture|
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